01 What is the correct way to apply eye cream?

The eye cream should be applied by lightly tapping it around the contour of the eye, making sure not to apply it too close to the lashes and the eye-socket, in order to prevent it from penetrating into the lacrimal canaliculus (the tubes that drain the tears), which constitutes the common cause for the appearance of “bags” under the eyes. 

02 The moisturizer that I use contains a sun protector. Can I be satisfied with it and not apply sunscreen over it?

The sun protectors which are found in many care products nowadays are in fact identical to the ones found in designated sunscreens. However, it is impossible to only be satisfied with applying a moisturizer which contains sun protectors, since the amount of protective material applied to the skin is insufficient. In order to achieve satisfactory protection, it is necessary to apply the sunscreen generously (2 milligrams of cream to every 2 centimeters of the skin— meaning, half a teaspoon for the entire face, neck, and ears), and since only a small amount of moisturizer is applied, the amount of sun-block is not enough. 

03 Over the past few years, pigmentation spots have appeared on my skin, and they are multiplying. How can I lighten them?

Nowadays there are specialized products designed to lighten the skin, and are based on ingredients which have been proven efficient for this purpose, among them kojic acid and arbutin that impede the production of melanin in the skin (in cases of hyperpigmentation there is an increased production of melanin); hydroquinone, which penetrates and destroys the melanin cells in the skin; Retin A— which assists in regulating the production of melanin, and also accelerates the pace of cell-division and the regeneration of the skin, thus creating an effect that is similar to that of peeling. In addition, it is recommended to treat with lactic acid— an alpha-hydroxy acid that creates a peeling which helps rejuvenate the skin, and provides impressive results in reducing skin spots. Nevertheless, it is important to remember that the best treatment is prevention through regular and meticulous use of sunscreens. It is important to make sure that the sunscreen provides protection from both UVA radiation and UVB radiation, and that it has asun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15. 

04 My skin tends to be shiny, and two hours after applying a moisturizer and makeup, it already looks oily. How should it be treated to reduce the shine?

With oily, shiny skin, it is recommended to prefer care products, makeups, and sunscreens which have a light texture, are based on water and are fat-free. It is important to make sure to thoroughly cleanse the skin, in the mornings and in the evenings. It is recommended to cleanse it using a foaming gel with a PH level of 5.5 (the skin’s neutral acidity level), and to afterwards complete the cleansing with a facial toner that is customized for the skin type. On the other hand, it is important not to exaggerate, since too frequent or aggressive cleansings will cause the skin to develop a counter-reaction and produce even more fat.

05 I underwent a peeling treatment with alpha and beta hydroxy acids at the cosmetician’s, and after the treatment my skin became reddish. Is this a normal phenomenon?

Absolutely, yes. The alpha and beta hydroxy acids generate heat, which is part of the peeling’s activity. As a result, in fact, redness appears on the face of every person who undergoes the treatment, including people who are usually not prone to redness. Nevertheless, in some cases the phenomenon is more visible, whereas in others it is less apparent. In any case, the redness decreases, and gradually disappears thirty minutes to an hour after the treatment.

06 I suffer from sensitive skin. Which products should I use?

With sensitive skin, it is recommended to use products with neutral acidity (PH), which will not interrupt the balance of the outer protective layer of the skin. The skin’s neutral acidity level is 5.5. Products with this level of acidity will balance the skin, and won’t dry or irritate it. When the skin is sensitive and irritated, the recommendation is to use customized products, which will prevent irritation and assist in rehabilitating the skin. There are specialized products, which operate to naturally regenerate the sensitive skin by encouraging the natural healing process of damaged skin cells and accelerating the renewal of cells, and also assist in reducing pain, redness, inflammations, and swelling of the skin.   

07 I suffer from acne and I’m being treated by Roaccutane (Isotretinoin), which causes a sensation of dryness. What can be done in order to reduce this dryness?

Indeed, Roaccutane may cause skin dryness. In order to relieve this sensation, it is important to meticulously use a moisturizer and choose a product which is designed for problematic skin, since a product that is too rich may cause an aggravation of the acne. In addition, it is important to avoid products which contain retinol, which like the Roaccutane, is a by-product of Vitamin A, because the combination of these two may increase the dryness and sensitivity even more. It is important to know that the Roaccutane may cause hyper-sensitivity to the sun, which leads to the creation of pigmentation spots. Therefore, it is important to refrain from sun-exposure as much as possible while being treated with the drug, and to make sure to apply sunscreen whenever going out to the sun.

08 I have been using a moisturizer and a mask, which I am very happy with, for years. Should I replace them so the skin won’t grow accustomed and stop reacting to them?

There is no reason to desert products that are efficient and beneficial for the skin. Care products should be replaced only when the skin undergoes changes, and according to the skin’s condition.