The oily skin is characterized by an oily-shiny appearance and a rough texture; it is prone to having enlarged pores, to the appearance of pimples, comedones, and zits, and to the formation of light to severe inflammation centers. Some cases may display acne, redness, and increased sensitivity.



These phenomena are the result of the hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands that are located close to the hair follicle, and produce a larger amount of sebum. The sebum, which is a mixture of oil and wax, serves as a lubricant, which protects the skin from the invasion of bacteria and other damaging factors, softenss the skin and prevents the loss of water; but when it's overproduced, it gives the skin an oily, shiny, unaesthetic look.




The treatment of oily skin is aimed at balancing and regulating the sebaceous glands' activity, to gently remove the dead skin cells which block the pores, therefore enabling the efficient draining of the fat. The purpose of the treatment is to prevent the formation of inflammation centers, to shrink the enlarged pores, and to heal and rejuvenate the skin.
The specialized products for treating oily skin are based on plant extracts like eucalyptus, clove, mint and chamomile, hamamelis, arnica, calamine, allantoin, and camphor, which have antiseptic and healing properties, and on minerals and other materials which absorb the excess fat, such as sulfur and zinc. Another effective ingredient that is used in advanced products for oily skin is probiotics. The probiotic bacteria are essential in order to fight diseases that are caused by bacterial inflammations, and to protect the immune system. Food that contains probiotic bacteria has long been known as an essential supplement for the protection and the internal balance of the body, and researches have now shown that applying them to the skin through cosmetic products assists in providing the skin with the same protecting, balancing, and nourishing abilities.
At the same time, the treatment of oily skin nowadays is mostly based on peeling treatments. Over the past few years, innovative peeling treatments have been developed, which enable the rejuvenation and healing of the skin. Those are based on alph and beta hydroxy acids, retinol, and other components such as vitamin C, which expedite the peeling of the skin in the stratum corneum, increase the production of new cells and balance the skin, and in the long-run are able to succeed in generating a continuous improvement in the skin's appearance.
The treatment progress and the products used to treat oily skin are identical whether it is oily skin in adolescent or in adulthood, and in both cases the purpose of the treatment is regulate and balance the sebaceous glands' activity in order to reduce the secretion of the sebum, and on the other hand, to prevent a lack of moisture in the skin. Nonetheless, when it comes to aging skin, increasing the level of moisture in the skin is especially important. Therefore, while balancing the skin, it is important to use a product rich in moisture.